Happy 2014 everyone! With a new year comes a resolution to liven things up here at Wild About Ants.
What about squirrels rolling around on ants?
The video author calls this "anting." Hum, do you see any evidence of ants?
Anting has long been described in birds. Birds may pick up the ants in their beaks and wipe their body with the ants' bodies, which is called active anting or "self-anointing." On the other hand (or wing), they may simply squat or lie on an anthill shaking their wings and tail to stir up the ants, a behavior which is called passive anting.
Why do birds expose themselves to ants? The most common suggestion is that the ants' defensive chemicals help combat the birds' parasites. Other possibilities are that the ant chemicals relieve the itch of molting. Some birdwatchers have even suggested anting may be addictive for birds.
Back to squirrels, when I looked into this further I found out Doris C. Hauser wrote an article in the Feb. 1964 Journal of Mammalogy (Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 136-138) called "Anting by Gray Squirrels" where she describes observing several gray squirrels digging around on and laying near ant mounds.
John T. Longino reports a case of "True anting by the capuchin, Cebus capucinus" in the April 1984 (Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 243-245) issue of Primates. In his literature review he also mentions A. H. Chisholm noticing anting in cats (for example, see this newspaper report from The Argus, October 23, 1954.)
Of course, humans are getting into the act, too. The Times of India reports in the December 8, 2013 article "Soap made from an ant hill? Try it out" mud from ant hills is used in rural India as a beauty treatment and now is being marketed as a soap additive. Okay, so it isn't live ants yet, but are they far behind?
Yes, I doubt it, as well. I know there have definitely been times when I have gone to extremes to avoid being covered by certain kinds of ants.
Have you ever observed animals anting? What do you think of this behavior?